Commonly Associated Conditions
This section is short.
Professional literature on Autistic Spectrum Disorders is rife with
discussion concerning other conditions commonly associated with AS
children and adults. Two clinical conditions have already been
identified: Depression and anxiety. They remain life-long conditions for
persons diagnosed with AS. How each condition is managed in later life
b.orges quite an individual matter, unique to each person.
Other conditions include Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder,
although the "hyperactive" character of ADD rarely continues much beyond
late adolescence. The likelihood that a child is not primarily ADHD is
often confirmed by the decreased effectiveness over time of the types of
medication, educational and other and treatment modalities prescribed
for "real" ADHD. On the other hand, ADD-Inattentive Type does appear to
be a condition shared by a good number of individuals eventually
diagnosed with Asperger Syndrome. Tourette's Syndrome and Obsessive
Compulsive Disorder are discussed above. It is possible for AS
individuals to have trace elements of both conditions continue on into
adulthood, but it is more.orgmon that a late and accurate diagnosis
within the family of pervasive developmental disorders or PDD's (of
which AS is a member) accounts for some traits of both disorders.
Chronic sleep problems are.orgmon in many children and adults diagnosed
with AS. Sleep deprivation is often not seen for what it truly is and
what it does to behavior, especially in children. Ear infections as well
as hearing problems are surprisingly.orgmon in autistic children. In AS
children and adults, Central Auditory Processing Disorder is often
responsible for the individual's incapacity to hear directions,
instructions, poor auditory memory, or their difficulty following
conversation or directions in noisy environments. Vision difficulties
are often reported early in children later diagnosed with ASD. Even with
perfect acuity, ASD children and adults may experience problems
processing visual imagery or accurately recalling details so that their
working visual memory is not impaired. Central Vision Processing
Disorder (best diagnosed by behavioral optometrists familiar with how
the eyes function in relation to the rest of cognition rather than what
they only "see) is a.orgmon reason why AS children and adults develop
severe problems with handwriting.
Boundary violations of all kinds are prevalent features of AS conduct.
Children are prone to bump into things or be unaware of where their body
parts are in relation to one another or to the external world (proprioceptive
difficulties). Many AS children and adults have profound difficulty
understanding the concept of physical and social "appropriate distance".
They must be patiently trained to.orgprehend these concepts. Of course,
understanding boundaries has other implications as well. If a person
remains unaware of the meaning of socially appropriate distance and
one's own personal physical boundaries, there follows a reduced
likelihood that one can begin to understand psychological distance,
differences between "yours and mine" and the very concept of other's
personal needs to protect their own psychic as well as physical space.
Clumsiness, problems with balance and coordination are conditions
reported with much higher incidence in persons with AS. Faced with
formidable developmental challenges obvious to their age-mates as
responsible for much of their social rejection by them, AS children
develop other means of.orgpensating for their delayed coordination.
Already "in their heads" a lot by reason of having an idiosyncratic way
of thinking, AS children and adults depend upon their intellect and
memory to leverage acceptance by anyone taken in by their unique way of
being. Invariably, those most impressed by their exploits are adults or
younger children. By both groups their physical clumsiness isn't seen as
the same kind of impediment responsible for rejection by the AS child's
age mates. Unless care givers and educators know how to sensitively
handle the issue of including clumsy AS children in non.orgpetitive
interactions with their peers, AS adults remain mindful throughout their
lives about the doors to social acceptance slammed shut against them
during their childhood and adolescence.
Through the self-report of AS children and adults.orges overwhelming
evidence that sensory issues of all kinds overwhelm them. Autistic
individuals experience hyposensitivity as well as hypersensitivity.
Their reaction to sensory stimulation of the wrong kind is sometimes
abrupt and unpredictable. Textures, tastes, smells, certain visual and
auditory conditions, all affect AS individuals differently and uniquely.
An autistic person's reactions to sensory overload can be mild or severe
and often cannot be explained unless the observer understands the
stressors that have built up a person's "charge" to a breaking point.
Many AS children seen by Occupational Therapists trained in sensory
integration techniques benefit from a variety of "sense-making" and
"sense-management" techniques that can be learned. If a child is
disturbed by sensorially overwhelming experiences, or needs an "extra
dose" of a vital sensory experience to function, the child remains
unready to learn until the situation is corrected. The same is true for
many AS adults, although by the time of adulthood, many persons aware of
their sensory issues know what is necessary to maximize their learning
or performance potential.
Sensory issues are so influential for many AS individuals that one AS
woman described the effect of staunching a sensory reaction as trying to
stop vomiting when you have the flu—it just isn’t possible.
Many individuals diagnosed with AS experience dietary intolerance to
certain basic food substances such as gluten or dairy. The incidence of
immune system reactions associated with digestive disorders is much
higher with autistic individuals than the standard population.
Diverticulitis, Celiac Disease and Krohn's Disease are three such
disorders. Neurological disorders such as fibromyalgia also have a
higher incidence and earlier onset date in autistic individuals.
Reduction of distressed behavior of many children (and fewer adults)
once certain substances are removed from their diet is widely reported
but still largely ignored by traditional medical providers. This is the
reason why parents of autistic children often turn to naturopaths and
holistic medical practitioners whose approach to differences in human
conduct is much different than their Western medical counterparts.
Entire Article: AS
Grows Up -
Recognizing Adults Today with AS
For More Information Contact:
Roger N. Meyer at firstname.lastname@example.org
AS Grows Up;
Recognizing Adults in Today's Challenging World
Traits by Age
AS " in" the Family
Adult Diagnosis and the