Articles

Speech and Language
 
 
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Auditory Processing Disorder The Hidden Disability. Part 2 of a monthly series: Our Children's Brains - "What?" - One word. Just one word your child repeats could indicate big trouble—perhaps years of future struggle.  Most likely you know a child who often asks, "What?" But if you notice that they ask it consistently or in what you might think are inappropriate situations (like close one-on-one discussion), your child needs to be checked. The child may have a disorder that is suddenly gaining a lot of attention—central auditory processing disorder (CAPD), more popularly known as APD. If the condition is caught in time, the child can be helped. If not, they could have a world of problems ahead—academic, social, emotional and physical.  APD is a condition in which patients have difficulty cognitively processing sounds, language and/or phonemes (each type of speech sound). Judith W. Paton, an audiologist from San Mateo, Calif., describes APD as "a physical hearing impairment, but one that does not show up as a hearing loss on routine screenings or an audiogram. Instead, it affects the hearing system 'beyond the ear,' whose job it is to separate a meaningful message."

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Autism, Asperger's Syndrome, & Semantic Pragmatic Disorder; Where are the Boundaries - Dorothy Bishop

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Autism Linked to Language Disorder - Autistic boys with language problems have a lot in.orgmon with boys suffering from a language-related disorder known as Specific Language Impairment (SLI).  The finding could help doctors better understand autism and how to choose the best treatments for individual.orgponents of the condition.

 
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Autism Spectrum Disorders: Communication and Language  by Amy M. Wetherby, Dept. of Communication Disorders, Florida State University.  Presented at the AAP National Conference and Exhibition, October 2003 

 
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Being Honest about Non-Verbal Communication Problems with Special Attention Paid to Time Management by Roger N. Meyer

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Brain Imaging Reveals New Language Circuits - The language network of the brain seemed simpler in the past. One brain area was recognized to be critical for the production of language, another for its.orgprehension. A dense bundle of nerve fibers connected the two. But there have always been naysayers who pointed to evidence that failed to fit this tidy picture. Now a study employing a powerful variant of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) confirms these suspicions. The study will be published December 13, 2004 in the online edition of Annals of Neurology  http://www.interscience.wiley.org/journal/ana.  Source: American Neurological Association (ANA) 

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Brain lumps and bumps: A neural risk for autism by Anne L. Foundas, MD - Full Text: HTML , PDF (Size: 40K) [Editorial]

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Language-association cortex asymmetry in autism and specific language impairment by Lies De Fossé, Steven M. Hodge, Nikos Makris, David N. Kennedy, Verne S. Caviness Jr, Lauren McGrath, Shelley Steele, David A. Ziegler, Martha R. Herbert, Jean A. Frazier, Helen Tager-Flusberg, Gordon J. Harris. Full Text: HTML , PDF (Size: 464K) [Original article]

 
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Clinical diagnostic and intervention studies of children with semantic–pragmatic language disorder by Catherine Adams 

 
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Cases of child autism have increased 850 percent in Missouri

 
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Conversational Characteristics of Children with SPD: I  - Dorothy Bishop

 
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Conversational Characteristics of Children with SPD: II - Dorothy Bishop

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DNA leads scientists to source of boy's speech problem - The DNA of a nine-year-old boy in northern Alberta may hold the key to understanding a mysterious condition that robs people of the ability to speak.  But more importantly, finally know what has caused Kyle Pilkey's inability to use words to.orgmunicate can help his family figure out how best to help him. He is learning sign language and is working on his writing skills. Pilkey, of High Prairie, has in the past been labelled with attention-deficit disorder, Tourette's syndrome and autism, but none of the conditions fit. "As parents, you keep looking for an answer and start searching for an answer and you get a little discouraged as you get sent away," father Wayne Pilkey said. By CBC News

 
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Evaluating Pragmatic Language - Kyrene Speech Program

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Fifth-grader's selective silence is worrisome to parents - Q: My 10-year-old son was diagnosed with an expressive language delay in preschool. After three years of speech therapy, he is now on level. He is in the fifth grade and has been out of speech therapy for two years.  Recently he stopped talking in front of friends and people he doesn't know well. He doesn't carry on conversations with his peers. I believe he may have some form of selective mutism but don't really know what to do to help him, by T. BERRY BRAZELTON, M.D., and JOSHUA SPARROW, M.D.

 
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General Strategies for Communication Intervention and Social Skills Training

 
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Hemispheric Function in Developmental Language Disorders and High-level Autism by Jane Shields, Rosemary Varley, Paul Broks, and Adrian Simpson. By using tests known to be sensitive to left-right brain damage, it is shown that children with high-level autism and semantic pragmatic disorder both have right hemisphere functional deficiencies.

 
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Higher Order Cognition Explained

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Kids Give Language Its Shape - Children's brains are hard-wired to learn languages and, in some cases, to improve upon them. That's the conclusion of a new study that followed several generations of deaf Nicaraguan children as they created their own sign language and then continuously tinkered it with each new group of signers by Discovery Health

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Language Acquisition & Autism by Autism Spectrum Disorders, University of Oregon
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Definition of Theory of Mind

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Examples of Theory of Mind Tasks

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Definition of Executive Function

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Examples of Executive Function Tasks

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Theory of Mind and Langague Acquisition

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Executive Function and Language Acquisition

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Relationship of Theory of Mind and Executive Function

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Theory of Mind, Language Acquisition, and Autism

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Research about Autism and Theory of Mind

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Executive Function, Language Acquisition, and Autism

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References for This Section

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Language and Learning; Parents Can Help Children Succeed in School - Although some children will develop normal speech and language skills without treatment by the time they enter school, says the American Speech- Language-Hearing Association (ASHA), it is important to identify those who will not. - Press Release

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Language may shape human thought - Language may shape human thought – suggests a counting study in a Brazilian tribe whose language does not define numbers above two by NewsScientist.org

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'Late Talkers' Can Struggle In School - ""That's just 'baby talk,' I'm sure my child will outgrow it." "Everyone in our family was a late talker. "My child will talk when the time is right."  Have you ever had these thoughts?  Although some children will develop normal speech and language skills without treatment by the time they enter school, it's important to identify those who won't according to the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA), a group of audiologists, speech-language pathologists, and speech, language, and hearing scientists," by Education

 
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Non Verbal Learning Disorder / What the SLP should know by Joanne Volden - ASHA

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Not all scientists are ga-ga over idea / Baby-talk theory links 'motherese' to primitive speech - Every parent is familiar with "motherese," that slow, high-pitched, singsong tone that mothers all over the world use to talk to their babies.  You might suppose that this manner of speaking is just a simplified, degenerate form of grown-up language. But some scientists say motherese may lie at the root of human speech.  Dean Falk, head of the anthropology department at Florida State University in Tallahassee, calls it the "putting the baby down hypothesis," by Robert S. Boyd

 
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Pragmatics

 
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Pragmatic Language Impairment Without Autism 

 
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Pragmatic's Socially Speaking by ASHA

 
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Pragmatics: The Road to Social Competency by Peter S. Dobrowlski

 
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Questioning the Validity of the Semantic-pragmatic Syndrome Diagnosis by Louise Gagnon, Laurent Mottron, and Yves Joanette. Extract from this article which argues that there is no justification for a separate diagnosis of semantic-pragmatic disorder.

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Promoting social.orgmunication in high functioning individuals with autistic spectrum disorders by Paul R - Full Text | PDF

 
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Semantic Pragmatic Disorder in the Classroom Written by Denise Vignola, parent   2002

 
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Semantic Pragmatic Disorder - Margo Sharp

 
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Semantic Pragmatic Disorder - OAASIS

 
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Semantic Pragmatic Disorder: A right hemisphere syndrome? by Jane Shields, Rosemary Varley, Paul Broks and Adrian Simpson

 
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Semantic Pragmatic Impairments Information Sheet by Jane Shields. Produced by the National Autistic Society, this gives a history and overview of semantic-pragmatic disorder and explains why within the NAS, professionals are no longer using it as a diagnostic term. Also available to download in Microsoft Word 97 format.

 
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SLI: Exploring Pragmatic Language Impairments - Abstract

 
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Social Cognition in Developmental Language Disorders and High-Level Autism - Jane Shields

 
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Socially Awkward Children: Neurocognitive Contributions by Herbert Schreier, M.D.

 
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Social Cognition in Developmental Language Disorders and High-level Autism by Jane Shields, Rosemary Varley, Paul Broks, and Adrian Simpson. Tests of social cognition such as 'theory of mind' show that children with semantic-pragmatic disorder and high-level autism both perform poorly. This evidence indicates that semantic-pragmatic disorder lies on the autistic spectrum.

 
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Speech & Language Therapy Advice & Guidance

 
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SPLD - Caroline Bowen

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Stuttering More Than Talk: Research Shows Brain's Role in Disorder by AScribe

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Talk to her -  What does a speech therapist do? Basically, a speech therapist assesses, diagnoses and treats disorders of.orgmunication. They are so-called “experts in.orgmunication”. Communication is actually a more.orgplicated process than most people think – it involves not just talking and hearing but also mental functions, normal muscle structure that functions properly, and seeing. A breakdown in any of these.orgponents will result in a.orgmunication disorder, by Tan Ahiow Chin

 
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The Parameters of Pragmatics

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Wanted: Speech-language pathologists / Schools struggle to meet needs of students - Some preschool teachers would do anything to keep their students quiet, but Phyllis Wilson's classroom is designed to get them talking.  Her seven preschoolers have a variety of disabilities that leave them with low verbal skills. So she's worked with Houston school district speech-language pathologist Johanna Olson to create an environment that teases out their voices. Unfortunately, school speech-language pathologists like Olson are in short supply nationwide, leaving many teachers struggling alone to meet students' speech needs, by Education at CNN.org

 
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What is Semantic Pragmatic Disorder? by HelpForKidSpeech.org Staff

 
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What is Semantic Pragmatic Disorder? by Julia Muggleton

 
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What is a Speech and Language Disorder?

 
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What is "Processing

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"We each have our own way of living in the world, together we are like a symphony.
Some are the melody, some are the rhythm, some are the harmony
It all blends together, we are like a symphony, and each part is crucial.
We all contribute to the song of life."
...Sondra Williams

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